Diversion and out of court disposals provide effective means to prevent reoffending and help victims move on. The public and police are also supportive of these options, seeing them as sensible responses to crime. Despite this, out of court disposal use has dropped by 75% since 2008. In this document we present the latest data on out of court disposal use across all England and Wales police forces and share the findings of our survey with 746 police officers and interviews with out of court disposal leads from six police forces. Based on these findings, we outline barriers to the use of out of court disposals and recommend practical ways forces can increase their use of these effect methods of resolving crime without going to court.